zThe End of Millennium Development Goals and Beyond
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were derived from United Nations Millennium Declaration following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000. All 189 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organization have agreed to achieve these goals by the year 2015. The goals are:
- Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger,
- Achieving universal primary education,
- Promoting gender equality and empowering women,
- Reducing child mortality rates,
- Improving maternal health,
- Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases,
- Ensuring environmental sustainability, and
- Developing a global partnership for development
Millennium development goals achieved till date
According to the 2012 report it says that, for the first time since poverty trends began to be monitored, both the number of people living in extreme poverty and the poverty rates have fallen in every developing region, including sub-Saharan Africa, where rates are highest.
According to preliminary estimates in 2012, in 2010, the share of people living on less than a $1.25 a day dropped to less than half of its 1990 value. This means that The Millennium Development Goal 1 – cutting the extreme poverty rate to half its 1990 level – has been achieved at the global level, and will be well ahead of 2015.
Also the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of drinking water by 2010 has been achieved. The proportion of people using improved water sources rose from 76 per cent in 1990 to 89 per cent in 2010 which indicates that almost 100 per cent will be achieved by 2015
Moreover, the share of urban residents in the developing world living in slums has declined from 39 per cent in 2000 to 33 per cent in 2012. Also more than 200 million have gained access to either improved water sources, improved sanitation facilities, or durable or less crowded housing.
The report also reveals that there were 97 girls enrolled per 100 boys in 2010 – up from 91 girls per 100 boys in 1999.The report reveals that enrollment rates of primary school age children have increased markedly in sub-Saharan Africa, from 58 to 76 per cent between 1999 and 2010.
Also, at the end of 2010, 6.5 million people in developing regions were receiving antiviral therapy for HIV or AIDS, constituting the largest one-year increase ever.“These results represent a tremendous reduction in human suffering and are a clear validation of the approach embodied in the Millennium Development Goals .
Also the projections indicate that in 2015 more than 600 million people worldwide will still lack access to safe drinking water, almost one billion will be living on an income of less than $1.25 per day, mothers will continue to die needlessly in childbirth, and children will suffer and die from preventable diseases.
If the goals are achieved in the present pace then obvious The Millennium Development Goals will be 100 per cent achieved by the year 2015 moving the world towards better future. For this full participation of NGOs, INGOs and also youth may be the key towards achievement of The Millennium Development Goals achievement by the year 2015.